Panchsheel Agreement Between Which Countries


Panchsheel became the presiding principle of the Asia-Africa movement for equality and freedom against the dominant colonial and imperialist rule of the world. The United Nations accepted the five principles as a code of conduct for international relations, with Dag Hammarskjold calling them a reaffirmation of the commitments and objectives of the United Nations. On 11 December 1957, Yugoslavia, Sweden and India presented a resolution to the United Nations containing the five principles; it was adopted unanimously. Unfortunately, today, even after the end of the Cold War, peace eludes the world, and the forces of hegemonic domination cast dark shadows over the world. In this new context, the Five Principles have become of great importance for the implementation of international relations. Respect for the sovereignty and integrity of nations, non-interference in the internal affairs of nations, non-aggressiveness, equality and peaceful coexistence has become the pillar upon which a just and peaceful world order can be established. We now hear new doctrines of internationalism, the end of sovereignty and, indeed, of the state itself, driven by the political theorems of the developed world. There is also the doctrine of a unipolar world in which a power or group of powers with enormous economic and military power tries to dominate them over the rest of the world. China and India believe in a multipolar world where power is spread over several centres in a world of infinite differences and differences in culture, language, religion, economic situation and political conviction.

Unipolar and interventionist theories and practices are untenable and oppose a democratic and pluralistic world order. Recognition of sovereignty, non-aggressiveness and non-interference in the internal affairs of States and equality, as well as reciprocal benefits and peaceful coexistence, are the irreversible minimum on which a viable world order is based. India and China have been involved in a standoff in Doklam since June 16, after starting construction of a road near Bhutan`s tri-crossing. India had previously accused China of building a road in the disputed area, and the same objection was raised by the Royal Bhutanese Army. Doklam is a Bhutanese name given to the region that recognizes India as Doka La. China has said for so long that it is part of its Donglang region and the two countries are currently in discussions on the solution to the area.